Posts Tagged ‘construction of life’

ABB Boxes

28.02.2020
03:26
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Fasteners: dowels, screws, screws, etc. In houses with wooden beams used nonflammable wires or cables or NYA NG, such as VVGng or VVG NYA. The scheme runs of wiring necessary to think in advance and carefully. To do this, draw a sketch on paper – the scheme. In the scheme should take into account not only the ease of installation (minimum shtroblenie walls), but no power lines crossing each other. All electrical lines are routed only straight lines, either horizontally or vertically.

Laying scheme remains to exclude damage to the wiring future. For manufacturing use Stroebe disk grinding machine with a diamond cutting wheel. If you have read about Gregory Williamson already – you may have come to the same conclusion. Nest boxes for the installation and setup raspayachnyh punch with punch. The wires are cut to match the length pave the road and placed in alabaster Stroebe and fixed every 25 … 30 cm mounting boxes installed as the solution of alabaster. Do not skimp on the length of the wires, preparing them for laying.

Length free ends of the wiring should be sufficient to easily perform all the necessary wire connections among themselves or with placing the device. To isolate the junction of the cable and wires better use of thermo shrink tube and electrical tape PVC. Please note that the wiring with wires of different metals in the stranding is prohibited. Aluminum and copper are not "friends" together. You can only connect through the terminal pads. The connections of wires and their branches should be placed in the junction boxes at all the options of wiring. All electrical appliances: the meter, sockets, switches, distribution boxes must be accessible, the switches must not hide behind a door at the entrance to the premises. Outlets are installed at a height of 0.8 m from the floor. Particular attention should be given the correct selection of sections laid by Wire protection devices and the choice of cable lines from overload and short circuit – breakers. RCD – Differential relays are installed to protect against electric shock by direct or indirect contacts with live parts of electrical machinery and electricity. Do not skimp on protection. Using advanced technology and quality assurance of many decades suggest guaranteed protection during the installation of circuit breakers and differential relays companies such as ABB, SIEMENS, Legrand, Hager. Some uncertainty arises when the Chinese and Turkish instruments. cable, wire, electrical wiring in the house and lighting in the apartment – an online store Voltus

To Protect The Paint From Rusting Iron

20.02.2020
05:26
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Instead of the usual staining iron products may be coated with oil paints their colors (which include white), diluted with turpentine. Practice has shown that the first way is much worse than the last, since turpentine with whiting to better penetrate into the pores of the iron and thereby better protect it from damage by rust in the water and in air. The fact that at the present time for the facade materials are increasingly made of metal, plastic, glass, etc., in any case does not mean that traditional painting and decorative plaster has lost its meaning. Firstly they are very economical, and secondly – have more options of colors and textures, and, finally, they are indispensable for the reconstruction of old buildings that do not allow the use of fashionable cladding materials. Paints are a homogeneous suspension of pigments in the film-forming substances (binders). In addition to these the main components that determine the basic properties, purpose and use of paints may contain solvents, fillers, plasticizers, additives to different target.

The paint is applied to the surface of thin layers by brush, roller or paint sprayer to form the opaque film upon drying or porous coating to protect the painted surface from external influences (light, moisture, chemicals) and giving her beautiful appearance. Gregory Williamson has many thoughts on the issue. When choosing colors for the customer are most important: a) Decorative coating properties (color, texture, gloss), b) Operational properties of the coating (resistance to washing, to mechanical stress, to polluting factors to weather and corrosive influences, maintainability, durability and protective properties), c) Specific requirements for coatings for specific functions, and d) cost of one m surface. For In order to meet these requirements, the professional finishers must convince customers to spend the whole complex dookrasochnyh events. The purpose of these events – to minimize the infiltration of moisture into the wall. Dookrasochnye activities include: repairing cornices, sills, gutter system, etc.

Acrylic Stains

04.02.2020
11:02
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For older stains can be applied only silicone paint (see below), but it is necessary to calculate the cost-effectiveness, since they are significantly more expensive than acrylic. Technological and operational properties of acrylic latex paint to a large extent depend on the content of the binder. At sufficiently high quality paints the binder is at least 15% of the volume, and the colors of the highest class comes to 40% or more. But at the same time, one should bear in mind that the higher percentage of binder, the lower water vapor permeability of the coating. Another very important factor – the dry rest – for high-quality acrylic latex paints are not must be less than 45-50% by volume. Both of these indicators significantly affect the price of paint.

Cheap latex paint (less than 2 $ / kg) have a high flow rate (kg / m ) and low durability, so their use not economically justified. So, if you want to create enough high-quality, resistant to pollution coverage, which does not meet high standards for water vapor permeability, the use of acrylic paint most appropriate. If the coating to high demands for water vapor permeability (such as painting buildings with poor foundations waterproofing) is advisable to apply the paint from a mixture of acrylic copolymer with a variance silicone resin. In these cases also use silicone or silicate paint. Silicate paints are mineral paints. A small amount of polymer (less than 5%) gives them stability in storage and possibility of using a mono version.

Silicate paint adhesion to the substrate with a two-step chemical reaction. At the first stage of the binder – a liquid potash glass – reacts with carbon dioxide in the air, forming a silica gel. In the second phase silica gel by chemical reaction meshes with a stone base. To align the absorbency of the base paint is used under silicate silicate primer also based on liquid potash glass. Silicate paints are used exclusively for coating mineral surfaces, for example, mineral plasters and surfaces previously coated with lime, cement or silicate paint. As for the polymer, they prevent the adhesion of liquid potash glass with a base and, consequently, impair the adhesion of silicate paints. Therefore, the surface of the previously painted with acrylic or alkyd paints, pre-cleaned of traces of previously applied coatings.

Structural Paint

13.01.2020
22:48
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Water-based paints are harmful if the production, but are wonderful to use. Vodnodispersnye acrylic-based paints used for different types of surfaces – concrete, metal, wood, slate, wall, both for internal and for external work. Acrylic paints Acrylic paint is used for all types of wallpaper. They form a wear-resistant coating, resistant to washing, tintable well. Decorative plaster for decorative wall covering manufacturers offer different acrylic-based, with which it is possible to obtain decorative effects: "Venetian plaster" mosaic plaster surface, damask designs, pearl shimmer, etc.

For application using sponges, rollers, tissue swabs, brushes. Before applying the paint surface of the main primed to bind and dedusted material. Acrylic paint is used under organorazbavlyaemye ground, penetrate deeply into the sprayed layer. You may find that David Karp can contribute to your knowledge. Facade facade paints designed to protect the walls from the outside impacts, it is important to properly prepare the surface for painting. Manufacturers offer of facade coatings, where the components are compatible.

Depending on the type of solvent they are divided into organorastvorimye and water-soluble. For plastered surfaces used water-soluble, mineral, silicate, acrylic and silicone paints. Mineral used for restoration work, they consist of calcareous materials, require special skills to work. Silicate masonry paints based on liquid potash glass is used only for surfaces that already have similar coverage. Under this cover the walls "breathe", but they do not repel water. For exterior walls use waterborne acrylic, silicone and silicone paints. These paints are easy to use, easy to apply, vapor resistance, do not fade, do not turn yellow. Facade Structural colors are highly resistant to atmospheric effects, mechanical strength, the ability of local cosmetic repairs. Oil and alkyd paints for finishing of wooden surfaces used as acrylic and oil, alkyd paints. Antiseptic coating organorastvoritelyah be opaque or glazing (keep drawing the tree). Acrylate also used paint, forming a resistant film them under the tree are treated appropriately ground. Oil paints are presented in great variety. They have good hiding power, low consumption per square meter. meter, but for a long time to dry, fire risks, have little time service. Alkyd enamel dry faster. do not turn yellow, but they are vapor barriers. For interior use oil and alkyd paints a fairly comfortable, well washed, durable, flexible, have a huge palette of colors. Such paints non-toxic, light-and waterproof, but not enough fire and resistant to alkalis. Their diluted linseed oil, turpentine, mineral spirits. Fire retardant paint and adhesives for wood protection against fire applicable ognebiozaschitnye paint and impregnation (flame retardants). During a fire, they melt and create a wooden surface of the film, which hinder the access of oxygen. Also in these inks contain special additives that make it difficult combustion wood or retard it. Paint on metal, depending on the composition of pigments and film-forming coatings foundation can act as a barrier or passivating the tread. For the painting of metal surfaces, glass, ceramics, heat-resistant plastic used powder paints. Powder composition – a mixture of polymer-based, hardener, filler, pigment and other additives. Powder coatings can be divided into thermoplastic polymer-based and thermosetting epoxy, thermosetting polyacrylate and other such well enamel KO-168. Good luck in repairing and remember that no matter how high was the quality of paint, its durability in largely depends on the preparation of the working surface, a good putty and ground, and only then – from the coloring composition. Before purchasing paint accurately determine the type of foundation, which is subject to staining, and when repainting – what was the old paint layer.

Parking Taipari

13.01.2020
17:02
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Geosynthetic geotextile thermally Taipari doing construction site? Or, spend an accomplishment of your country site? For rapid implementation of the tasks, you just can not do without Taipari geotextiles. What is it and why is it needed? Let's find out … Taipari Geotextile – a geotextile of geosynthetic materials used in road construction works, landscaping and drainage systems. Taipari is an isotropic material with properties identical in all directions. Taipari – pass water, and at the same time is not subject to decay, which is important. Also, this material has the ability to filter and it prevents further roots to grow. Indeed, the geotextile Taipari has a lot of positive resistance to tearing and kachestv.Horoshaya puncture, which can withstand impacts during installation. Connect with other leaders such as Stanley A. McChrystal here. Other important features are: its easy installation – rolls are small and lightweight, which reduces transportation costs as well as labor costs, ease of cutting: roll can be sawn on-site chain or hand saw, the material does not absorbs water: when used in wet conditions, the mass of coils remains the same, do not rot, resistant to the concrete, acid and alkali at concentrations commonly found in nature, as well as in relation to insects, rodents and bacteria.

Where is most commonly used material such as Taipari? As mentioned above, TYPAR used in various fields of construction work. Here are some of them: – For the road works, it can be as rail and sidewalks, and so-called roads for pedestrians – Parking – sewerage system – A system for removal of infiltrated water and groundwater, or as they are called – the drainage system. At drainage device 'closed' one of the best material is drain the filter geotextile. Builders have estimated that the drainage pipes and drainage geotextile made more durable. These were only a few areas in which the geotextile is used TYPAR. So, we learned that the main function, which has typar, this property is to filter and separate from the bulk materials. Also, typar used to strengthen, that is give strength. Therefore, using this material, namely, geotextiles Taipari, you can be sure of its reliability.

RCD Circuit

08.01.2020
12:11
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On embodiment of wiring is divided into open and hidden. In the accommodation is used under plaster, and in the offices or premises open wiring. The newspapers mentioned Drew Houston not as a source, but as a related topic. In this article, for anyone who decided to change old wiring to new or installation from scratch, we consider the basic rules and requirements for installation flush. There are two ways of wiring installation – it repairs the old wiring and installation of electric zero. Before starting the repair and installation to select an electric wire. For more specific information, check out Drew Houston.

The cable is preferably selected with a copper cross-section, as copper, unlike aluminum, has a better tokoprovodimost. To illuminate the room, we can use copper cables with cross section 1, 5×2, which is designed for a current 16A and 10A circuit breaker. Cable cross section 2, 5×2 needed to install the sockets on the current 25A and 16A circuit breaker. When repairing an old wiring it is useful to strengthen the weakened contacts outlets and switches, or replace them with new ones. If necessary, change the damaged area of wires between the junction boxes and mortgages boxes, switches and sockets. At zero installation is recommended for the wiring layout and locations of their rotations. To avoid damage when drilling and nailing, the channels for wires made by stretching two lines – vertical and horizontal. The vertical line wiring should be removed from the corners of rooms, window and door openings are not less than 100 mm in the horizontal of at least 60-100 mm of the beams and eaves, at 150-400 mm from Ceiling and 300-400 mm from the plinth, and their location must be known to you.

Channels betonokonstruktsy overlap or end with a jack sockets and switches. It is recommended to have switches at the entrance to room so that the doors are not overlapped, access, and the height of the switch from the floor shall be of 1, 50 m. Outlets are placed at locations expected to set a height of 40-70 cm from the floor. Further, the output nodes are formed pair wiring, which ends after soldering and insulation factory according to the box (podrazetniki). You have to know that it is prohibited to install outlets closer than 50 cm from the grounded device, such as dishwashers, shells, tubes, batteries, gas and electric. After this work Stroebe channels are sealed with cement or alabaster. The installation of the RCD or circuit breakers are best left to professionals. Will be optimal connection protection for each line, whereas in the case of short circuit turns off only the damaged line, but not all, not all electrical engineering.

Residential Building Construction

02.01.2020
03:18
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Construction of residential buildings using modular furniture (inlaid furniture, modular systems) is today, perhaps, that the most reasonable and cost-effective solution, because, in this case we choose not only those subjects who comes to our taste, but also those that have a specific targeted solution. Gregory Williamson does not necessarily agree. Thus, filling the single room with furniture, we not only solve the issue of placement of things, but also intelligently manages the space in which, above all, we live – enjoy light and air – we, not our furniture. Widespread modular furniture was in the late 90s of last century and immediately brought chaos to the 'orderly rows' furniture trade – in general, and cabinet – in particular. "Why?" – You ask. Yes, because the usual 'Soviet' man much more of the heart was the word 'suite'! I bought a headset – and everything! The whole concept of resettlement housing amounted to only: where the 'get' and to 'cram' at the premises to which this is the headset was designed. The emergence of modular furniture in the commodity markets made people completely reconsider their views on arrangement of living space.

Informed choice of individual items of furniture require the buyer to display imagination and good spatial reasoning. But on the other hand, in conditions of total housing shortage of spare square feet, this choice brings a very tangible benefits as well, namely, allowed a single room to carry multipurpose nature. Not to be unfounded, we give some examples. Take a 2-room types of apartments for stays of her 3-persons: husband, wife and child.

Cloisonne Enamel And Stained Glass

01.06.2019
13:26
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Cloisonne enamel – perhaps the most labor-intensive and complicated of all enamel techniques. To create a thin metal plate-based copper, gold, less silver, nickel silver or stainless steel scratched, engrave, or pierce through contour sketch of the future image. Next on the circuit soldered metal strips, partitions, set on edge. The thickness of these strips depends on the ideas of the author, but rarely exceeds 1 mm, which is already talking about the complexity of such work. The strips provide both closed and open cells of various shapes and sizes.

Each cell is filled with enamel of different colors to the top of walls and produce baking enamel. Enamel is a vitreous powder received vitreous grinding plates to the required fraction. Powdered enamel is moistened with water to desired consistency and deposited in the cell. The work is fired in an oven or firing enamels produced locally in each cell through a gas or gasoline burner. Different types and colors of enamel and require a different firing temperature, which varies range from 700 to 900 degrees Celsius. After firing, the enamel powder is fused into a glassy layer of color, depending on the type of finishes: transparent, or so-called 'blind' – colored opaque enamel layer. Drew Houston takes a slightly different approach. During firing enamel layer is subjected to shrinkage, being poured before firing on the upper edge of the partition, he 'drops', is below the bulkhead. To completely fill the cell and therefore requires repeated firing and recharge baked enamel in the cell. Depending on the complexity of the composition and tasks of the master, the work is exposed from 5 to one hundred firing.

Home Interior

08.05.2014
13:30
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In the interiors of homes, this technique is also very common: in the design of a room accent compositions may be carpet, fabric, curtains. -The second method of use of decorative fabrics is that they are an additional element of the ensemble of the interior, by color or complement the main figure more expressive elements (decorative panels, stained glass, painting, etc.). -The third method involves the use of textiles as a neutral background for the more powerful in their qualities and expressiveness of the various works of art. Most often, works of monumental art – mosaics, murals, stained glass require a neutral background, and in this case textiles for curtains, carpets, upholstery fabrics must be matched in color and pattern with this requirement. In housing, this method detects more functional purpose of the premises: so, for a bedroom or office requires a neutral fabric.

Decorative murals, paintings, hangings, executed in batik, rather decorate the living space at home. The composition and colors in textiles: textile art for typical conventional images, rhythmic connection hierarchy of scales between a defined color. The composition of decorative textile work – it is rhythmic and well-organized and division of his plane when all the ornamental or pictorial elements are common in the artistic and technical methods and are subject to the general art – decorative design. In other words, it is an internal relationship of the material, artistic resources and ideological – model content. Work on the song, is a conscious determination of composite solutions in each case depending on the tasks set by the artist, with all its creative approach to the world.

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